The nerves that control internal organs are called autonomic nerves. These nerves are not dependent on your willingness to send signals to the brain as it usually happens when you lift an arm, blink or walk from one place to another. These are the nerves that give commands to your body to breathe or to digest what you eat. Autonomic nerves are responsible for the body's response to sexual stimuli. The erection is performed by autonomic nerve signals that cause increased blood flow to the genitals. When uncontrolled diabetes damages the nerves and small blood vessels, the normal function of the sexual organs are affected.
How diabetes can affect male sexuality?
Changes in sexual function and annoying bladder symptoms are common during the aging process. Diabetic patients may face an early onset of sexual and urologic complications. Glucose levels recommended by the National Coordinator Diabetes Information Centre (NDIC, for its acronym in English) range from 70-130 before meals and less than 180 an hour or two after starting to eat. When glucose level in the blood are elevated for an extended period of time, it begin to damage blood vessels and nerves, also affecting the signals to the autonomic nerves and thus the blood flow to the genitals.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
The ED is a disability to have and maintain an erection from the beginning to the end of the sexual act or sexual intercourse. Diabetic men are two to three times more likely to have erectile dysfunction than those who are not diabetic. Men with diabetes may experience erectile dysfunction between 10-15 years earlier than non-diabetic men.
The high blood pressure, blood vessel disease, kidney disease, and hormonal deficiencies are other factors to have erectile dysfunction. Poor health habits such as alcoholism, smoking and obesity could also affect erection as psychological factors. The use of some medications to treat heart disease and depression, among others, could also be the cause of erectile disorder.
It occurs when part or all of the semen instead of coming out through the tip of the penis during ejaculation goes into the bladder or internal sphincter muscles open and close automatically. These are responsible for blocking the flow of blood to the penis to stay erect during sex for ejaculation and those responsible for closing the duct access to the bladder so that semen is expelled through the penis.
When you suffer from retrograde ejaculation, semen enters the bladder and mixed with urine. The semen is expelled through urine. This condition does not affect the bladder, but brings infertility.
Among the most common are: overactive bladder, uncontrolled sphincter muscles, urinary retention and urinary tract infections. Because of damage to nerve terminals, the bladder contracts without notice. This disorder is known as overactive bladder. When you suffer from overactive bladder, you urinate more frequently than normal, you feel strong and sudden desires and experience drip.
The sphincter muscles are located around the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body, or urethra. When these muscles are damaged, it can cause involuntary leakage of urine when an individual wishes to urinate.
Due to damage of the nerve endings of the bladder, muscles do not get the signal that it is up to urinate, or the signal is very weak and fail to empty the bladder completely. If the bladder is too full pressure can affect the kidneys. When urine stays in the bladder too long can cause infections.
Avoid the risk
For urological disorders, erectile dysfunction and infertility not affect your sex life and health, you must:
· keep your glucose levels stable
· keep LDL or "bad" cholesterol below 100
· keep blood pressure below 130/80
· control your weight through dieting to look after your heart and diabetes
· If you drink, do so in moderation
· Avoid smoking
· Train yourself daily
Sometimes due to an embarrassment or indignity, patients do not prefer to treat these health conditions related to their sexual organs and bladder. The delay in treating these conditions can cause serious complications. Talk to your doctor if you notice changes in your sex life.