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Tuesday, November 18, 2014

Sterilization – A Basic Guide

Sterilization of men and women is a very efficient and permanent method of birth control. It is recommended for people above the age of 35 or for people that are suffering from certain diseases which justifies sterilization. The decision of taking such action requires quiet and detailed thinking, no matter if we are talking about male or female sterilization.

Sterilization is a procedure that is usually chosen by women when they no longer want children. This procedure can have very different consequences. First of all, such a procedure is accompanied by considerable mental confusion and on the other hand many people consider that such intervention can lead to better sex because of the fact that people are no longer afraid of conceiving a baby.

Sterilization in women  
This procedure in women requires cutting the fallopian tubes which leads to prevention of egg travelling from the ovary to the uterus. Sterilization in women is much more complicated procedure, which is performed with the use of complete anesthesia and after the procedure is finished the women has to stay in the hospital for at least two days. Most women that choose sterilization have previously used all possible methods of birth control and this is their last option.

There are certain medical indications which leave some women without any other choice than having sterilization. This is the case in women that have high blood pressure or severe heart conditions. In these cases the procedure should be finished as soon as possible. For example, it should be performed at the same time with the abortion. In the past sterilization was medically indicated after the second cesarean section in order to avoid 3rd one. Today’s medical supplies are much better and the scars are stronger, more acceptable and more resilient.

Sterilization in men – vasectomy
Vasectomy is a small surgical procedure in order to sterilize men. With this procedure vas deferens from the both sides are cut off, tourniquet or partially removed. The whole procedure lasts for around 20 minutes and it can be performed with local anesthesia. It is much easier for men to go through this procedure.

Side effects are something really uncommon in cases of vasectomy. Vasectomy can slightly increase the risk of prostate cancer occurrence. The chances of development of prostate cancer increase as the time of the surgery passes. The most common side effect after vasectomy procedure is bleeding. In case a large hematoma appears it is recommended to take a rest and use analgesics.
In many countries sterilization is a process that requires special permissions from various professional organizations. In the past sterilization was considered to be a final and irreversible method of birth control but the fact is that today there are many biomedical products that can allow people who are sterilized to conceive again. It is possible to take sperm directly from the testicles and fertilize female eggs.

Finally, keep in mind that sterilization is an excellent protection when it comes to birth control but not when it comes to sexually transmitted diseases.